Have you ever really considered the actual meaning that word "normal" in the context of teaching anatomy and physiology? Is it even meaningful at all? We explore that in the context of human body temperature in Episode 101. And I give some practical tips as we continue our conversation about my open, online, randomized testing scheme.
0:00:00 | Introduction
0:00:47 | What Does Normal Mean?
0:08:32 | Sponsored by AAA
0:10:01 | What is Normal Body Temperature?
0:27:21| Sponsored by HAPI
0:29:13 | In Our Last Episode...
0:32:20 | Sponsored by HAPS
0:33:35 | Practical Tips on Testing
0:52:39 | What About Lab Practicals?
1:01:31 | Staying Connected
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Nobody realizes that some people expend tremendous energy merely to be normal. (Albert Camus)
What Does "Normal" Mean?
What does "normal" mean? In this segment, Kevin asks whether that (very commonly used) term is really all that helpful.
Note: In my narration, I estimated 30% of the text in my Anatomy & Physiology textbook is the word "normal." That was hyperbole. To make a point. That percentage is not accurate. Nor is is it "normal."
Sponsored by AAA
A searchable transcript for this episode, as well as the captioned audiogram of this episode, are sponsored by the American Association for Anatomy (AAA) at anatomy.org.
Don't forget—HAPS members get a deep discount on AAA membership!
What is Normal Body Temperature?
The "normal" discussion continues by examining ideas about what the average human body temperature is. Hint: it's NOT 37°C. And...wait for it...it's getting lower over time!
★ A Critical Appraisal of 98.6°F, the Upper Limit of the Normal Body Temperature, and Other Legacies of Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich (Mackowiak article in JAMA) my-ap.us/3tQd8eG
★ Decreasing human body temperature in the United States since the Industrial Revolution (article from eLife) my-ap.us/3AltIFI
★ eLife Podcast Episode 63 (segment 4 features an author of the cited eLife article) my-ap.us/3tOQqUc
★ Introduction to A&P (Kevin's student outline that covers body temp issues) lionden.com/ap1out-intro.htm
Sponsored by HAPI Online Graduate Program
The Master of Science in Human Anatomy & Physiology Instruction—the MS-HAPI—is a graduate program for A&P teachers, especially for those who already have a graduate/professional degree. A combination of science courses (enough to qualify you to teach at the college level) and courses in contemporary instructional practice, this program helps you be your best in both on-campus and remote teaching. Kevin Patton is a faculty member in this program at Northeast College of Health Sciences. Check it out!
In Our Last Episode...
A brief recap of the two previous episodes, which prepares us for some follow-up discussion.
Sponsored by HAPS
The Human Anatomy & Physiology Society (HAPS) is a sponsor of this podcast. You can help appreciate their support by clicking the link below and checking out the many resources and benefits found there. Watch for virtual town hall meetings and upcoming regional meetings!
Practical Tips on Testing
All kinds of practical tips on using randomized tests, why we (especially) need transparency when using them, making test items, formats, student-generated test items, and more.
★ Teaching in Higher Ed podcast with Bonni Stachowiak Episode 350 Ungrading with Susan D. Blum (includes a comment by Bonnie regarding adopting radical strategies in disciplines with board exams) my-ap.us/2WY4hLG
★ Testing as Teaching (online seminar containing info on my use of Respondus test-editing software)
★ Test Question Templates Help Students Learn | TAPP 70 (episode with Greg Crowther explaining his TQT system)
★ Weight Stigma! The Difficult Cadaver | Journal Club Episode | TAPP 93 (episode with Krista Rompolski and a discussion of weight bias among health professionals)
What About Lab Practicals?
More on how similar test items can cause issues for students who don't carefully examine each test item. Can open, online, randomized testing be used as a strategy to help students prepare for their lab practicals? Maybe even supplement or replace lab practicals during a pivot (like, um, er, a pandemic)?
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★ Transcript available in the transcript box: theAPprofessor.org/podcast-episode-101.html
★ Need help accessing resources locked behind a paywall? Check out this advice from Episode 32 to get what you need! my-ap.us/paywall
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